Maximum Penalties for Driving Offences


What is the maximum penalty?

Driving Offence

Fine

Penalty Points

Driving Ban

Prison

Causing death by dangerous driving* Unlimited 3–11** Mandatory 14 years
Causing death by careless driving (drink or drugs) Unlimited 3–11** Mandatory 14 years
Dangerous driving* Unlimited 3–11**
Mandatory 2 years
Driving without due care and attention (careless / inconsiderate) £5,000 3–9 Discretionary
Driving after refusal or revocation of licence on medical grounds £5,000 3–6 Discretionary 6 months
Drink / drug driving £5,000 3–11** Mandatory 6 months
Failing to provide specimen for analysis £5,000 3–11** Mandatory 6 months
Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence £1,000 3–6 Discretionary
Driving without insurance FPN:£300
£5,000
FPN:6
6–8
Discretionary
Driving whilst disqualified £5,000 6 Discretionary 6 months
Scotland: 12
Failing to identify driver/provide details FPN:£200
£1,000
6 Discretionary
Failing to stop / report accident £5,000 5–10 Discretionary 6 months
No MOT Certificate FPN:£60
£1,000
Red Traffic light FPN:£100
£1,000
3 Discretionary
Seat belt offences FPN:£100
£500
N/A
Speeding FPN:£100
£1,000
£2,500†
FPN:3
3–6
Discretionary
Using mobile phone FPN:£200
£1,000
£2,500††
6
* Where a court disqualifies a person on conviction for one of these offences, it must order an extended re–test. The courts also have discretion to order a re†test for any other offence which carries penalty points: an extended re†test where disqualification is Mandatory and an ordinary test where disqualification is not Mandatory.
** If exceptionally not disqualified.
Motorway.
†† If driving a bus, coach or heavy goods vehicle.
FPN Fixed Penalty Notice.

When is a prison sentence likely?

A serious offence can be punished by a prison sentence or community service order, in addition to a driving ban. If a prison sentence is part of the punishment, the driving ban will not commence until you are released; you cannot serve the ban whilst in prison. For some offences, such as dangerous driving, a custodial order is discretionary and will therefore depend upon the circumstances and issues arising therefrom. For other matters, such as causisng death by dangerous driving, it is compulsory and therefore the circumstances of the offence etc., will only affect the length of the sentence, they cannot prevent it.

How is the fine calculated?

Fines imposed for motoring offences are based on a means tested calculation, subject to the circumstances of the offence, an early guilty plea discount, mitigation and any maximum figure imposed by statute.